Retina and Vitreous Disease

The retina is the thin layer of light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye and converts light rays into impulses that travel through the optic nerve to the brain where they are interpreted as the images we see. As such, the retina is essential to vision. When it is damaged or diseased, vision loss or blindness can result.

The vitreous is the clear, gel-like substance (also called vitreous humor) that makes up most of the volume of the eyeball, thus providing its structural support. Light passes through the vitreous from the lens at the front of the eye to the retina at the back. If there are issues with the vitreous, the structure and function of the eye can be impacted and affect vision.

Retina Macula Retina Vitreous Dean McGee Eye Institute Oklahoma City

Retinal blood vessels emanate from the optic nerve seen at the right side of the photograph. The central retina seen in the center of the photograph is called the macula, which provides the best vision for distance and reading.

What Causes Retina and Vitreous Diseases?

A number of factors can cause retina and vitreous disease. Diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure can lead to issues with blocked or leaking blood vessels, impacting vision and eye health. Degenerative retinal diseases that can lead to progressive vision loss or blindness are often linked to aging or genetics. Injury can also be a factor in necessitating the intervention of a retinal and vitreous specialist.

Retina and Vitreous Treatments and Surgeries

Procedures offered at the Dean McGee Eye Institute for retina and vitreous diseases include:


Dr. Noori and patient

Dr. Jila Noori with patient.

Dr. Shah and patient
Dr. Vinay A. Shah with patient.

Dean McGee Retina and Vitreous Disease Specialists Are Here to Help

Trust your vision to the retina and vitreous disease specialists at the Dean McGee Eye Institute. Our team of ophthalmologists are equipped to diagnose and effectively treat conditions related to the retina and vitreous with an array of advanced treatment options and surgical procedures.

Learn more about our retina and vitreous physicians by browsing our online directory or call 405.271.1092 or 800.787.9014 today to make an appointment and see for yourself why DMEI is the leading provider of eye care in Oklahoma. We look forward to caring for you.